# States and territories

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An example of states and territories as held by Castile on the Iberian peninsula.
The state interface. This is a tab on the province window for each (non-colony) province in the state.

All countries are internally comprised of states and territories.

Any area in which a country holds one or more provinces is classified within that country as a state or a territory.

States represent parts of a country which are more tightly integrated, while territories represent parts of a country which are more autonomous.

States can be more productive than territories, but each country is limited in the number of states it may have. This reflects the historical difficulty of fully integrating every part of a large country. The player must decide which areas to turn into states, and which areas to leave as territories.

## Differences between states and territories

The table below shows key differences between states and territories:

States Territories
Minimum autonomy for provinces 0% for full cores,
50% for territorial cores
75%,
0% if given to trade company
Allows provinces to become territorial cores N/A
Allows provinces to become full cores
Allows provinces to be given to estates (full cores only)
Allows provinces to be given to trade company
Allows state edicts
May contain capital city
Maintenance costs Variable None
Missionary strength penalty None -2.0%
-200% if given to trade company

## Summary

The following points provide a detailed summary of the system:

• A newly conquered province is considered as part of a territory (unless it already belongs to one of the nation's existing states).
• Uncored provinces (except colonies) cause overextension regardless of whether they are in a territory or a state.
• Coring provinces in a territory have reduced coring costs due to the Is territory modifier which applies -50% Core-creation cost (coring duration is not affected). The newly cored provinces gain territorial cores and remove the overextension penalty caused by the province.
• Provinces in territories have a 75% local autonomy floor.
• Centers of Trade located in territories cannot be upgraded beyond Level 1.
• Once all the owned provinces in an area have territorial cores, it is possible to turn the territory into a state (from the province interface, above the buildings section).
• Provinces in states but with only territorial cores:
• Have a 50% Local Autonomy floor.
• Can't be assigned to estates.
• Lose their territorial cores if they are conquered and would have to be re-cored if the provinces are re-conquered.
• To fully core state provinces requires paying the remaining 50% coring costs. This second coring phase is instantaneous and gives a 0% Local autonomy floor (LA is reduced instantaneously to the new floor only if it was not raised before (to lower unrest)).
• NB: Raising autonomy in a province not-yet fully cored will set the new autonomy floor to 100% and will annul the older "virtual" floor, not being reduced instantly after the full core anymore.
• Fully cored state provinces contribute fully to the nation and retain their cores even if conquered.
• Provinces of diplomatically annexed vassals or integrated personal union partners always get full cores. The provinces will still need to be made into states if they aren't already, but there is no admin power cost for doing so.
• A country can have a limited number of states, the maximum being partly based on administrative technology.
• Government rank, type and reforms, along with Traditions, Ideas and Bonuses, can also affect the maximum number of states.
• Having more territories than the max number of states gives * +0.02% per territory over max number of states (capped at +0.8%, with 40 territories over).

Notes: Do note that [1] revoking the status of a state (back to a territory) will not refund the administrative points used for the province coring (the cores will turn into territorial cores) and they'll be lost. Re-establishing the same territory into a state again requires fully coring the provinces anew; [2] assigning states in trade company regions prevents formation of trade companies (existing ones will be removed); [3] assigning states in colonial regions will not prevent colonial nations from forming in those provinces.

## State maintenance

A state requires monthly monetary upkeep in the form of State maintenance.

The state maintenance is determined by the following:

Modifier
+0.007 Per development level
+0.001 Per unit distance from the capital
+25%
• Different continent
• Non-accepted culture
+200% Active edict
-50% Capital state
−25%
• Frisian idea 2: The Upstalboom League
−20%
• Naval-Expansion: Supply Convoys
−15%
• Great Qing idea 6: The Viceroyalties
• Hanoverian idea 1: Niedersächsicher Reichskreis
• Tripuran idea 5: Appointment of Missips
• Chernihiv ambition
• Moravian ambition

## Maximum number of states

Each nation has a base value of 10 States. Addition modifiers are then applied as follows$\text{number of states} = \text{ base value } + \text{ government rank } + \text{ government reform } or \text{ government type } + \text{ administrative tech level } + \text{ additional bonuses }$

When is enabled, the bonus number of states is the sum of all tiers of reforms that contribute. In Legacy mode, it simply depends on the government type.

Government Rank
+10 Empire
+5 Kingdom
0 Duchy
(cumulative)
0 level 1
+3 level 8
+6 level 12
+11 level 17
+16 level 20
+21 level 24
+26 level 27
+31 level 31
Government Type (Legacy mode)
+1
• Despotic Monarchy
• English Monarchy
• Merchant Republic
• Peasants Republic
• Monastic Order
• Papacy
0
• Celestial Empire
• Daimyo
• Free City
• Native Council
• Steppe Hordes
• Tribal Governments
Government Type (Legacy mode)
+10
• Tsardom
+5
• Ottoman Government
+3
• Russian Principality
• Veche Republic
+2
• Feudal Monarchy
• Elective Monarchy
• Iqta
• Prussian Monarchy
• Shogunate
• Grand Duchy
• Oligarchic Republic
• Ambrosian Republic
• Colonial Nation
• Dutch Republic
• Noble Republic
• Theocratic
Government Reforms
+5
• Tsardom (Tier 1, only for or )
• L’etat c’est moi (Tier 6)
+3
• Ottoman Government (Tier 1, only for and )
• Revolutionary Empire (Tier 1)
• Mughal Diwan (Tier 2, only for )
• Mansabdari System (Tier 3, only for )
• Zabt System (Tier 4, only for )
• Retain Tribal Hierarchy (Tier 4)
+2
• Grand Duchy (Tier 1, only for )
• Elective Monarchy (Tier 1, only for and )
• Sidhi Recruitment (Tier 2)
• Colonial Government (Tier 1)
+1
• English Monarchy (Tier 1, only for and )
• Mamluk Government (Tier 1, only for )
• Feudal Theocracy (Tier 1)
• Mandala System (Tier 1)
• Ambrosian Republic (Tier 1, only for )
• Veche Republic (Tier 1)
• Dutch Republic (Tier 1, only for )
-3
• Independent Daimyo
+5
• Delhian idea 5: Re-integrate Former Provinces
• Fully Expansionist
• Great Yuan ambition
+3
• British idea 1: The Acts of Union
• Chernihiv idea 1: Legacy of the Old Principality

Other sources:

• in Age of Revolutions can enable the "Russian Empire" splendor ability, that allows to have 20 additional States. (Requires Mandate of Heaven)
• Completing the "Enforce a Commonwealth" mission in the mission tree grants a "Integrated Polish Nobility" modifier that provides 3 additional states until the end of the game.
• Completing the "Conquer Bengal" mission in the mission tree grants a "Burmese Expansionism" modifier that provides 3 additional states until the end of the game.
Example (Maximum possible number of states in game excluding the use of custom nations)

If is an Empire rank (+10), has enacted tier 1 reform Tsardom (+5) and tier 6 reform L’etat c’est moi (+5), has completed both Expansionist and Administrative ideas (+5 each), has Administrative tech level 31 (+31) and has "Russian Empire" splendor ability (+20), then$\text{number of states} = 10\, +\, 10\, +\ 5\, +\, 5\, +\, 5\, *\, 2\ +\, 31\, +\, 20\ = 91 \text{ States}$

## State edicts

In each state, a state edict can optionally be enacted. This applies a bonus to all owned and cored provinces in the state, including any territorial cores. All edicts cost +200% state maintenance, a penalty that is applied before any further modifier to state maintenance.

Once enacted, an edict cannot be adjusted for one year. After this time has passed, it becomes possible to remove or replace the edict.

The 'States & Territories' page on the ledger shows the current edict for each state, if any. This can be useful for keeping track of edicts in a large country with many states.

The first three ages each have a special edict associated with them. These edicts can be unlocked by spending Splendor on the relevant age ability, but such edicts will only be usable until the end of that age.

### List of available edicts

Edict Effect
Centralization Effort −0.03 Monthly autonomy change
Defensive Edict +33% Local defensiveness
Encourage Development −10% Local development cost
Feudal De Jure Law −5 Local unrest
Religion Enforced +90% Resistance to reformation
Edict of Absolutism −0.25 Monthly devastation
• Available only in the Age of Absolutism with the "Edict of Absolutism" Splendor ability.
Promote Military Recruitment +25% Local manpower modifier
Enforce Religious Unity +1% Local missionary strength

## Prosperity

States in which every province has 0% devastation may become prosperous when the stability of owner country is positive. Prosperity gives the following benefits:

 −10% Local development cost +25% Local goods produced modifier −0.05 Monthly autonomy change

Each such state has a chance of increasing its progress towards being prosperous by +1% each month, until progress reaches 100%. The chance is 5% for each ruler skill point; for example, a ruler with 3 / 3 / 3 gives provinces a 45% chance of progressing. If any province in a state has devastation, it instead decays by −2 per month.

## Strategy

### Choosing territories to promote to states

Since each country may only have a limited number of states, it can be helpful to carefully choose which territories will be promoted to states, rather than promoting indiscriminately.

The following types of territory may be good candidates for promotion:

• Territories with high total development. The 'States & Territories' page in the ledger may be helpful for identifying such territories. Among other information, this page lists each territory and its total development, and the list may be sorted by total development.
• Territories with high total development and require religious conversion: provinces in territories and with an unaccepted population culture has a missionary strength modifier of -4%. In contrast, provinces in states can promote cultures to become acceptable and can enact "Enforce Religious Unity" for a modifier of +1%, a net difference of +5%. Also, provinces with high total development are already more difficult to convert to begin with.
• Territories with valuable trade goods (especially gold). States allow the full production potential of such provinces to be tapped.
• Territories with high tax provinces may be particularly good candidates in the early game, when tax may account for a larger proportion of a country's income.
• Territories with a center of trade and cannot be added to a trade company, as Centers of Trade cannot be upgraded beyond level 1 when they are located in territories.

### Temporary states

Even if the player does not plan on turning a territory into a permanent state (e.g. because the territory has low total development), it can be useful to turn such territories into 'temporary states'. This is achieved by promoting to state as normal, but leaving all provinces as territorial cores rather than fully coring then.

Such 'temporary' states will not be as productive as fully-cored states, but they will still receive useful benefits, such as a free reduction to minimum autonomy and the ability to apply state edicts.

Temporary states can be demoted back to territories at any time, to allow more valuable areas to become states. It is worth noting the following downsides of demoting a state to a territory:

• All full cores in the temporary state will revert to territorial cores. This is generally not a problem if the player refrains from full-coring the provinces in the temporary states. However, it can result in the unexpected loss of full cores from integrated subjects.
• If autonomy was manually increased after forming the temporary state, the effects of this autonomy increase will be lost.

### Reducing devastation in states

The benefits from a state becoming prosperous can be quite valuable. Since states may only become prosperous if their provinces contain no devastation, it can be worthwhile to check on the devastation level of recently conquered states.

Devastation ticks down naturally in unoccupied provinces. However, if devastation is particularly high in a province, it may take years or even decades for the devastation to tick down to zero. In such cases, it may be useful to manually reduce the devastation in that province, e.g. by developing that province.